Wednesday, 30 April 2014

Wide Grip Pull-Ups for a Wide Back?

Want to build a powerful looking, athletic physique? If so, you need to build that coveted "V" shape - wide shoulders and lats that taper down to a narrow, chiseled waist. So just what is the best way to build a wide back? For years many people have preached wide-grip pull-ups for a wide back, but is this the best way to go? Does a wide grip really help with back width?



The answer to this question, as with every other good training question is - it depends. Let's look at things from a few different perspectives:

Perspective 1: Bodybuilding Photography
If you look at photos of bodybuilders in muscle magazines and websites, you will often see exercises such as cable crossovers. The reason is simple - it is a great exercise to photograph because the bodybuilder is basically doing a most-muscular pose and looks great doing it. From behind, the wide grip pull-up looks like a double biceps pose on an elite bodybuilder - and this looks great in a magazine.

Perspective 2: Tradition
With bodybuilding as with every other sport, you always have tradition. The "wide grip for a wide back" message has been preached for years. In fairness, there are bodybuilders who have build impressive lat width with wide-grip pull-ups.

Perspective 3: Functional Anatomy
The Latissimus Dorsi is a big muscle that covers a lot of surface area. From the picture, you will notice that the fibers at the top run quite horizontal while the lower fibers run at a more of a vertical angle. The result of this is that you will use more of the upper Lat and Teres Major when the movement is shoulder adduction (i.e. pulling your arms from straight out to sides towards your sides as in a wide-grip pull-up). When you do pure shoulder extension (think pullover or close grip chin-up - pulling the elbows down in front from overhead while keeping them in tight to your sides), you use more of the lower fibers. When developed, these fibers can really help with lat width.

Perspective 4: Joint Health
When talking about exercise selection, joint health often takes a distant back seat to muscle activation. However, if you are an athlete who needs healthy shoulders for your sport, you are over 30, you have a lot of training millage on your joints and/or you are plan to train for years to come, this is a BIG deal. The position of the wide-grip pull-up places the shoulder in what is called the "high five position" and this is a more vulnerable position for the joint. 

Perspective 5: Research
A study that came out in the April 2014 Journal of Strength & Conditioning research examined the muscle activation using EMG (electromyographic) measures of several muscles during the lat pulldown with different widths (wide, medium and narrow). The results showed virtually no difference in muscle activation between grips. The research also looked at strength with the different grips and found subjects were stronger when using a narrow or medium grip.

Perspective 6: Anecdotal (i.e. Real-World) Evidence
Narrow grip pulling worked for
Dorian Yates to build one of the
widest backs in the sport of bodybuilding
When it comes to bodybuilding, one of the best backs of all time belongs to 6-time Mr. Olympia winner Dorian Yates. In his DVD "Blood and Guts" Dorian does the following exercises for his back routine: 
  1. Machine Pull-Overs
  2. Hammer Strength Supinated Pulldowns (this means with a chin-up - palms facing you grip)
  3. Narrow-Grip Yates Rows (a bent-over row named after Dorrian Yates where you keep your torso fairly upright and pull the bar to your lower abdomen)
  4. 1-Arm Hammer Strength Rows (neutral, narrow grip)
Note that all of the exercises are done with a narrow grip and the elbows tucked into the sides. The video is hard to find on YouTube, but I tracked it down - click HERE to see Dorian in action (his back day starts at 34:39 on the video).

Perspective 7: The Most Important - What Works For YOU
When I started lifting weights, I never really liked wide-grip pull-ups and pulldowns. Now some people may see this and immediately think that I gravitated away from the wide grip because it is harder than the narrow grip. However, the truth is that I never found the wider grips to be effective for me. I had a hard time feeling my lats and they bothered my shoulder. The first time I tried neutral grip pull-ups (palms facing in towards each other) was the first time I really felt my lats and got a great lat pump. Since then, neutral grip pull-ups have been my favorite go-to lat exercise. 

With your training, remember that only two things matter: safety and results. Make sure that the exercises you select are effectively delivering the results you want and not beating on your joints. If this is happening, you are on track. If not, experiment with different versions of main movements until you find the variations that is best for you. If you have not tried narrower grip pulling for rows and pull-ups, I encourage you to give it a try. However, if you find the wide-grip pull-ups safe and effective for you - then enjoy!

Your feedback
I would love to hear about your success with wide or narrow grip pulling exercises. What has worked best for you? Please feel free to post your comments below.

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